Computer Software Property Rights
Computer software can be of any solo person or with any company ownership. Each of the software needs to be protected with multiple rights so that no other people can misuse it and the ownership and right remain to the creator itself.
Each property is called intellectual property. The intellectual property is not based on the software but it can be anything such as land, product any inventions, etc.
When these things are made public then it can be misused and mislead by other people and sometimes can be acquired if the rights are not in the correct hand.
The rights to protect these intellectual properties are as follows :
- Patent Right
- Trade Secret Laws
This is for distributing, display, perform or reproduce original work in copies or to prepare derivative works based on the work. It is the legal right to the author of their product. The original author of the product and anyone they give authority to is the ones who has the right to change and create a copy of the product.
Copyright infringement is a violation of the rights secured by the owner of the copyright. It occurs when someone copies a substantial and material part of another’s copyrighted work without permission.
When an author has got copyright they have got some other rights too they are the following:
- The right to reproduce the work,
- The right to adapt it or derive other works from it,
- The right to distribute copies of the work,
- The right to display the work publicly, and
- The right to perform it publicly.
These rights can be sold out separately and they lapse after the lifetime of the author + 70 years.
The copyrights refer to the expression of an idea, such as an artistic work that protects the author’s works from copying and modifying. And the copyright of the product can be applied anytime.
Patent law protects inventions. Trademark consisting of a recognizable sign, design, or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others.
A patent is the strongest form of protection, in this case, 20 years of exclusive monopoly is granted for the implementation of the protected work. The bundle of rights passed on patent owners is the right to make, the right to use, the right to sell, and the right to authorize others to sell the patented item.
A trademark is an intellectual property consisting of a sign, logo, design, or expression that is recognizable. The trademark identifies products and services of a particular source from others, although trademarks that identify service are called service marks. It exclusively identifies a product as belonging to a specific company and recognizes the company’s ownership of the brand. It can be a corporate logo, a slogan, a brand, or simply the name of a product. A business cannot thus use a symbol or brand name if it looks similar, sounds similar, or has a similar meaning to one that’s already on the books especially if the products or services are related.
Trade Secret Laws
Trade secret law helps safeguard the information that is critical to an organization’s success. It protects valuable and secret information. It protects more technology than patent laws do. It has the following advantages:
- There are no time limitations on the protection of trade secrets, as there are with patents and copyrights.
- There is no need to file an application, make disclosures to any person or agency, or disclose a trade secret to outsiders to gain protection. Hence, no filing or application fees are required to protect a trade secret.
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